Week 19–Sonnets

WImage result for normal sentence in iambic pentameter

This past week and weekend was crazy, so I was late posting your work. I am so sorry!!! I had sick kids, 2 baby showers, soccer game, a sick husband, a Bible study to write for girl’s discipleship last night, and a crazy busy week last week. I am still up on Monday night typing out all this stuff for you, so you can work this week. 😦 I apologize for any typos my brain is too sleepy to see.

I am giving you less “work” this week, but it won’t feel like it. This is the hardest week of our poetry unit-Sonnets. You may need to read and reread the information a few times to understand. I will also help you with it on Friday when we meet.

I am waiting for a really really good video to get approved by the school. Once it is approved I will post it. It will totally help you.

If you have any questions, let me know.

Monday–

  • Use today to write your next poetry of music project

Tuesday–

  • learn about meter and sonnets (read below) This will become your Literary Terms Project notes this week too, but READ the WHOLE THING Today.
  • Literary Terms Project (Notes on Sonnets–Today copy Sonnet through Iambic Pentameter)

Wednesday–

  • Read Robert Frost’s “Once By the Pacific”(below)
  • Literary Response and analysis questions (below)
  • Literary Terms Project (Copy notes on Petrarchan sonnets)

Thursday–

  • Read Robert Frosts “Stopping in Woods on Snowy Night”
  • UPDATED WORK– The video was approved. Watch it today 🙂

  • Literary Terms Project  (Copy notes on Shakespearean sonnets)
  • Pack your backpack–work from last week (Activity 6, Activity 7, Grammar, Poetry of music project) And work from this week (Activity 8, Poetry of music project)

TUESDAY READING

Please read this entire section until you see the word “Wednesday” 🙂

Literary Focus–Sonnet

Robert Frost loved writing sonnets because he enjoyed the challenge of fitting his thoughts into  a very strict form.

Here are the rules to the sonnet:

  • It has fourteen lines
  • It follows a regular rhyme pattern
  • It is usually written in iambic pentameter

Iambic Pentameter

An iamb is an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one (da DAH), as in the word before. Writing an iambic line isn’t as hard as you might think because the iamb is common in ordinary English speech:

“Amanda wore her favorite pair of jeans”

Listen to the rhythm.

Pentameter means that there are five stressed syllables, or beats, in each line–penta is Greek for “five,” and meter is Greek for “measure.” (Most poets us occasional variations to keep the rhythm from becoming monotonous. Her are lines from two sonnets written in iambic pentameter Read the lines aloud and listen to their beat:

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Image result for scanning iambic pentameter
Print this image and glue or tape it in your Literary Terms Notebook

 

Types of Sonnets

Petrarchan Sonnets

There are two traditional types of sonnets. In the Italian, or Petrarchan, sonnet the first eight lines (the octave) pose a problem, which is responded to in the last six lines (the sestet). Below is a Petrarchan Sonnet written by William Wordsworth, called “London, 1802”

 

Image result for petrarchan sonnet
Print this image and glue or tape  it in your Literary Terms Notebook

Notice the rhyme scheme. If you put a letter next to the last sound of each line, and find rhymes you will see that the rhyme scheme looks like this chart below:

Image result for petrarchan sonnet
Print this image and glue or tape it in your Literary Terms Notebook

Shakespearean Sonnets

The second type of sonnet it the English sonnet, or Shakespearean. This sonnet has three four-line quatrains followed by a 2 line couplet. Some modern poets, like Robert Frost, create their own types of sonnet.

Image result for shakespearean sonnet rhyme scheme
Print this image
Image result for shakespearean sonnet structure
Print this one too 🙂

Wednesday

“Once By the Pacific,” by Robert Frost

The shattered water made a misty din.
Great waves looked over others coming in,
And thought of doing something to the shore
That water never did to land before.
The clouds were low and hairy in the skies,
Like locks blown forward in the gleam of eyes.
You could not tell, and yet it looked as if
The shore was lucky in being backed by cliff,
The cliff in being backed by continent;
It looked as if a night of dark intent
Was coming, and not only a night, an age.
Someone had better be prepared for rage.
There would be more than ocean-water broken
Before God’s last Put out the light was spoken.

Literary Response and Analysis Questions:

Use COMPLETE SENTENCES to answer these questions 🙂

  1. Where is the speaker in “Once By the Pacific” standing as he observes the ocean? What are the waves doing?
  2. According to lines 10-11, what do the wild waves make the speaker think of?
  3. Look at the last two lines of the sonnet, the concluding couplet. What dreadful thoughts is the speaker sharing with us there?
  4. What images in lines 1-4 help you picture waves and even hear them?
  5. What images in lines 5-6 help you picture the clouds?
  6. Whose “rage” is described in line 12? What could cause that rage?
  7. Look at the last line of the sonnet differ from the first line of the Bible?
  8. What do you think the theme, or message, of the sonnet is?
  9. Look at how the poem is structured. What characteristics of a sonnet does it have? Is it an Italian sonnet or an English sonnet, or is it a modern variation on the sonnet form. Explain your answer.

(Holt, Elements of Literature)

Thursday

“Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening,” by Robert Frost

Whose woods these are I think I know.
His house is in the village though;
He will not see me stopping here
To watch his woods fill up with snow.
My little horse must think it queer
To stop without a farmhouse near
Between the woods and frozen lake
The darkest evening of the year.
He gives his harness bells a shake
To ask if there is some mistake.
The only other sound’s the sweep
Of easy wind and downy flake.
The woods are lovely, dark and deep,
But I have promises to keep,
And miles to go before I sleep,
And miles to go before I sleep.
Look at the notes on meter in your literary terms notebook from last week, try to figure out what meter this poem is in. Is it iambic pentameter, trochaic tetrameter, or something else??? Bonus points if you can tell me tomorrow.
Also figure out the rhyme scheme.
Is this poem a sonnet? If so, what kind? If not, why not?
Be ready to discuss this in class tomorrow 🙂

 

Image result for iambic pentameter
It’s a joke 🙂
Image result for robert frost quotes
He sounds like Morrissey here 🙂

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