Week 18 Continued-French Philosophers

“The Death of Marat,” by Jacques-Lois David. 1793

The painting above is one of the most famous paintings of the French Revolution, and it depicts a murdered revolutionary leader who was killed in his bathtub. The painter, Jacques-Lois David was the leading French painter of his generation and was politically aligned with Robespierre, and the revolutionaries. He served on the Committee of General Security, voted for the King’s death, and actually participated in the sentencing and imprisonment of many people during the Revolution. David had visited Marat at his home the day before he was murdered. He paints him almost as a martyred saint.

This painting is one of my favorites, because of the use of light. It is a large painting and it knocks the wind out of you when you see it full size.

This painting will be on the next test. You will need to know the name of the piece, the artist, and the story behind it.

“It is forbidden to kill; therefore all murderers are punished unless they kill in large numbers and to the sound of trumpets.”–Voltaire

Okay, this will go along with your studies this week on the French Revolution.

Now read through some quotes from Voltaire and Rousseau. Please pick your favorite quote from each of them and leave it in the comment section below.

Also comment how Enlightenment thinking affected the Revolutions in France and also in the soon to be United States of America.

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16 thoughts on “Week 18 Continued-French Philosophers

  1. My favorite quotes were: ” God gave us the gift of life; it is up to us to give ourselves the gift of living well.”-Voltaire and “Patience is bitter, but it’s fruit is sweet.”

  2. The Emlightenment thinking affected the revolutions in France and America because now, these people believe that they have basic rights, and that the power of the government should be divided. So, this led to a revolution because they wanted change.

  3. “Each player must accept the cards life deals him or her: but once they are in hand, he or she alone must decide how to play the cards in order to win the game.” -Voltaire.

    “The world of reality has its limits; the world of imagination is boundless.” – Jean-Jacques Rousseau.

  4. It affected the people in France by opening up their eyes to see they had a choice, and that they didn’t have to do things someone else’s way. They wanted things to change and wanted to voice their opinions.

  5. “Man is guilty of all the good it did not do”-Voltaire
    “A feeble body weakens the mind”-Jean-Jacques Rousseau

  6. Well after watching the videos it seems like all of America’s government systems were based on these writers ideas like for example the three branches of government

  7. Enlightenment thinking affected the French Revolution because it showed the French people what were their natural rights and allowed them to realize that they had freedom and it affected the US because many of our rights came from the enlightenment and made us aware that we have freedom as well, through Christ.

  8. ” Life is thickly sown with thorns, and I know no other remedy than to pass quickly through them. The longer we dwell on our misfortunes, the greater is their power to harm us.” -Voltaire
    ” I have always said and felt that true enjoyment can not be described.” -Jean-Jacques Rousseau

  9. “Common sense is not so common.” -Voltaire
    “I may be no better, but at least I am different.” -Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    The Enlightenment thinking affected the Revolutions in France because it opened up more ideas to France about how they should be ruled over instead of a single king “bossing” them around. This also gave them more freedom, especially religious freedom, as the state was attached to the church, therefore, you had to be that religion in order to live there.

  10. Enlightenment thinking is the purest form of government, and would work perfectly should we actually apply it to this modern day (in my opinion). Enlightenment thinking helped to keep everything in check, and helped France to grow during it’s revolution. It gave balance.

  11. This affected the people of France because it showed them that they do have the rights to government and rights to themselves which we still don’t have a lot of today, but it helped them to achieve more. 🙂

  12. “Optimism is the madness of insisting that all is well when we are miserable”- Voltaire
    “Insults are the arguments employed by those who are in the wrong”- Rousseuau

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