Week 11–Class Recap (Test and Quotation Activity)

Schedule For Today

  • Test
  • Read page 163 ❤
  • Brief Notes
  • Group Activity—Introducing and Explaining Quotations

Scripture Comes To Life . . . .

  • Open your books to page 163

Introducing Quotations

Introduce your quotations. A quotation should never suddenly appear out of nowhere. Some kind of information about the quotation is needed. Name the author, give his or her credentials, name the source, give a summary. You won’t do all of these each time, but you should usually name the author. For example:

  1. But John Jones disagrees with this point, saying, “Such a product would not sell.”
  2. In an article in Time Fred Jackson writes that frogs vary in the degree of shyness they exhibit: “The arboreal tree frogs seem to be especially. . . .”

Don’t Just Say—Tom says, “…

Use different words besides says. Here are some examples:

Says, writes, observes, notes, remarks, adds, declares, asserts, argues, informs us, alleges, claims, states, comments, thinks, affirms.

Discussing Quotations

Discuss your quotations. Do not quote someone and then leave the words hanging as if they were self explanatory.

–What does the quotation mean and how does it help establish the point you are making?

–What is your interpretation or opinion of it?

  • Quotations are like examples: discuss them to show how they fit in with your thesis and with the ideas you are presenting.
  • Remember: quotations support or illustrate your own points. They are not substitutes for your ideas and they do not stand by themselves.

Phrases That Introduce Your Discussion

It is often useful to apply some interpretive phrasing after a quotation, to show the reader that the you are explaining the quotation and that it supports your argument:

  • –Here we see that
  • –This statement shows
  • –Clearly, then,
  • –We can conclude from this that
  • –This tells us that
  • –From this we can understand that
  • –If we are to understand from this comment that


You are going to get into groups and I am going to give you a quote from the book. I want you to work together to make a list of all the conclusions you can come to from that quote.

The team that gets the most LEGITIMATE talking points will win.

Sample Quote

“Tom’s voice choked and the tears ran down his cheeks. ‘You poor silly fool!’ said St. Clare, with tears in his own eyes. ‘Get up, Tom. I’m not worth crying over’” (Stowe 174).

Sample List:

  • Tom cares a lot about St. Clare.
  • St. Clare is genuinely touched by Tom’s care.
  • St. Clare has a hard time being serious.
  • St. Clare brushes off serious issues with humor.
  • Tom loves people that treat him like property.
  • St. Clare doesn’t think he is worth Tom’s love.
  • Tom was in the position of a beggar.
  • Tom didn’t obey him and rise until he got what he wanted, St. Clare to not get drunk anymore.
  • St. Clare is not used to anyone looking out for HIS best interests.

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