We began class with a test. It was actually more of a quiz. Pretty easy!
*Kayley since you were absent I am going to give it to your mom and she can give it to you at home. It was easy.
Then we had a little discussion of the book.
- Is it interesting?
- Do we face the same issues today?
- –How are they handled differently?
- –How are they handled the same?
- Who is your favorite character? Why?
- Who is the creepiest character so far?
- Who are the worst sinners? Why?
The class seemed to really enjoy the book 🙂 Yay! A few of them think Pearl is unusually creepy, which makes for good conversation.
It was a fun discussion, and I wish we had time to spend a little longer talking about it.
We then briefly discussed some important quotations from the book:
- “Ah, but,” interposed, more softly, a young wife, holding a child by the hand, “let her cover the mark as she will, the pang of it will be always in her heart.” (Chapter 2)
- “What do we talk of marks and brands, whether on the bodice of her gown, or the flesh of her forehead?” cried another female, the ugliest as well as the most pitiless of these self-constituted judges. “This woman has brought shame upon us all, and ought to die. Is there no law for it? Truly there is, both in the Scripture and the statute-book. Then let the magistrates, who have made it of no effect, thank themselves if their own wives and daughters go astray!“ (Chapter 2)
- “Be not silent from any mistaken pity and tenderness for him; for, believe me, Hester, though he were to step down from a high place, and stand there beside thee, on thy pedestal of shame, yet better were it so, than to hide a guilty heart through life. What can thy silence do for him, except it tempt him–yea, compel him, as it were–to add hypocrisy to sin?” (Chapter 3)
We then discussed how Hawthorne alluded to Anne Hutchinson. And how that is significant to the religious controversy of the book.
- Anne Hutchinson, born Anne Marbury (1591–1643), was a Puritan spiritual adviser, mother of 15, and important participant in the Antinomian Controversy that shook the infant Massachusetts Bay Colony from 1636 to 1638. Her strong religious convictions were at odds with the established Puritan clergy in the Boston area, and her popularity and charisma helped create a theological schism that threatened to destroy the Puritans’ religious experiment in New England. She was eventually tried and convicted, then banished from the colony with many of her supporters.
- She believed in salvation through grace alone. (Wikipedia)
We discussed how Antinomianism is the opposite of a works based salvation, but it can be dangerous because it implies that we can just go on living however we want, call ourselves Christian and pretend we are saved. Ex. Even if Hitler said he was a Christian; he wasn’t actually saved!
Here is some more information from C.A.R.M.
The word antinomianism comes from the Greek anti, against, and nomos, law. It is the unbiblical practice of living without regard to the righteousness of God, using God’s grace as a license to sin, and trusting grace to cleanse of sin. In other words, since grace is infinite and we are saved by grace, then we can sin all we want and still be saved. It is wrong because even though as Christians we are not under the Law (Rom. 6:14), we still fulfill the Law in the Law of love (Rom. 13:8, 10; Gal. 5:14; 6:2). We are to love God with all our heart, soul, strength, and mind, and our neighbor as ourselves (Luke 10:27) and, thereby avoid the offense of sin which cost God His only begotten Son. Paul speaks against the concept of antinomianism in Rom. 6:1-2: “Are we to continue in sin that grace may abound? May it never be! How shall we who died to sin still live in it?” We are not to use the grace of God as a means of sin. Instead, we are to be controlled by the love of God and in that way bear the fruit of the Holy Spirit (Gal. 5:22-25).
Then it was time for our “Cool Quote”
“No man for any considerable period can wear one face to himself and another to the multitude, without finally getting bewildered as to which may be the true.” –Nathaniel Hawthorne
The longer you let yourself be fake or hypocritical, the more in danger of losing your true identity.
Then it was time for Fun Facts
- He was born in Salem Massachusetts in 1804.
- He loved his wife Sophia very much.
- His writing falls into the genre called “Dark Romanticism.”
- Herman Melville dedicated Moby Dick to Hawthorne.
- He was critical of his early writing.
- He had a relative that was a judge during The Salem Witch Trials. He was the only judge to never repent for what he did.
- He was friends with Henry David Thoreau. Thoreau’s wedding gift to Nathaniel and Sophia was that he came and planted their vegetable garden.
We then talked briefly about the Salem Witch Trials, since I wanted them to get familiar with them and we are going to learn a bit about The Crucible in the coming week.
The Salem witch trials were a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts between February 1692 and May 1693. The trials resulted in the executions of twenty people, most of them women.
In 17th-century colonial North America, the supernatural was considered part of everyday life; many people believed that Satan was present and active on Earth. This concept emerged in Europe during the fifteenth century and spread with the later colonization of North America. Peasants used a kind of witchcraft to invoke particular charms for farming and agriculture. Over time, the idea of white magic transformed into dark magic and became associated with demons and evil spirits. From 1560 to 1670, witchcraft persecutions became common as superstitions became associated with the devil. (Wikipedia)
It was then time for Writing Tips:
Independent clauses have three components:
- They have a subject – they tell the reader what the sentence is about.
- They have an action or predicate – they tell the reader what the subject is doing.
- They express a complete thought – something happened or was said.
Jim is the subject. Reads is the action or verb. A complete thought was expressed – something was said, and the reader now knows that Jim likes to read.
A Dependent Clause is a clause that does not express a complete thought.
- A clause can be dependent because of the presence of
–Marker Word (Before, after, because, since, in order to, although, though, whenever, wherever, whether, while, even though, even if)
–Conjunction (And, or, nor, but, yet)
- Dependent clauses MUST be joined to another clause, in order to avoid creating a sentence fragment.
Example of a dependent clause:
- Because I forgot my homework.
- Around the corner.
Then we played a little game, to see if the students could identify Dependent and Independent Clauses.
1.The pony express did not last long.
2.Mail was carried by ships.
3.Because today’s mail travels so slowly.
4.The pony express riders would often ride throughout the night.
5.While they were called pony boys.
6.When they carried the mail.
7.Because fuel is so expensive.
8.The pony express just might be revived.
9.Though nobody knew the trip’s length.
10. A rider traveled a great distance before he stopped for the night.
11.Since our mail delivery is so slow.
12. Before the letter arrived by pony express.
13. It would be fun.
14. While another letter will be delivered by the postal system.
I am still trying to get used to teaching a “Credit” class in a home school setting. It is working, but it is so much information to pack into a one hour class session. The internet and this blog has been a life saver for me, being able to post informative videos for the kids to watch during the week is such a blessing!!!
I might have to start making my own short YouTube videos that I post onto this blog. I am not a diva, so that won’t be fun for me, but it may need to happen!
Thank you for working with me to make this class everything that these kids deserve.